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Instructions for Establishing Your Truffle Orchard
These instructions are applicable to plants infected with either tuber melanosporum (the Périgord black truffle) native to France, Italy, Spain, Croatia and other parts of Europe, and tuber uncinatum (the summer or Burgundy truffle) indigenous to the UK and found all over Europe.
Choice of site
The ideal site is a free-draining, well-aerated alkaline soil, overlying limestone or chalk with a well-defined structure, on a southeast or south-facing slope. There should be an absence of other trees nearby (minimum of 75m on level ground) that may harbour competing fungi on their roots. If this distance is not possible to achieve, then a trench should be dug (0.5m in depth) between established tree(s) and the prepared ground and lined with black polythene sheeting.
Once the site is chosen it should be treated as follows:
Adequate soil moisture during the first few months after planting is essential to prevent desiccation. However, excess soil moisture is detrimental, as it will reduce the soil's porosity. Truffle UK Ltd therefore recommends that an irrigation system is installed. A mini-sprinkler system with variable sized tips is ideal for the first few years but eventually a system capable of delivering more irrigation water can be considered.
The optimum planting densities are:
When your plants arrive:
Truffle UK Ltd is happy to provide a consultancy service on any of the aspects covered above if required.
*tuber melanosporum, known as the Black or Périgord truffle. Native to France, Italy, Spain, Croatia and other parts of Europe. This stocking density does not qualify under The Farm Woodland Premium Scheme(FWPS) or Woodland Grant Scheme(WGS).
**tuber uncinatum, known as the Summer or Burgundy truffle. Indigenous to the UK and found all over Europe. This planting density will qualify under the FWPS or WGS.
The information and advice given above is based on the most up-to-date information available to Truffle UK Ltd at the time it was drawn up and all due care was exercised in its preparation. Any subsequent action in reliance on the accuracy of this information is the sole commercial decision of the user of the information and is taken at his or her own risk. Accordingly, Truffle UK Ltd disclaims any liability whatsoever in respect of any losses or damages arising out of the use of this information or in respect of any actions taken in reliance upon the validity of the information.